A club refuses entry to young Roma people; an applicant isn’t chosen by a company because they aren’t European; a Moroccan woman and her family are harassed by their neighbours; a rental advertisement states 'No blacks'; a cafe-owner tells customers that 'neither Jews nor dogs are welcome'; someone in a discussion forum incites 'the deportation of Muslims'; etc.
Anti-racism and anti-discrimination legislation helps combat:
- direct or indirect discrimination: refusals to hire or dismiss a person, refusal to rent to someone, statutory measures concerning the criteria of 'religious and philosophical beliefs';
- hate speech: incitement to hatred, violence or discrimination;
- hate crimes: various acts of violence, physical and verbal aggression, harassment at school, at the workplace, while practising sports, over the internet and through social media.
Five so-called 'racial' criteria are included in the Anti-Discrimination Act: nationality, skin colour, descent, national or ethnic origin.
What does Unia do?
Unia combats racism in all its forms by:
- advising and supporting discriminated persons;
- information and awareness-raising campaigns, and training;
- establishing reports and studies, including the following annual reports: 'Discrimination/Diversity 2013' (Focus on Racism) and 'Socioeconomic Monitoring';
- informing employers about anti-discrimination legislation (especially through eDiv online training);
- providing the authorities concerned with recommendations;
- consulting with the sector, public authorities and associations.
Unia is also competent to act on the basis of the Negationism Law.
Victim or witness
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Annual report 2015. Living together put to the test.
The year 2015 left a deep mark on our society. Violent conflicts and tensions on a global scale have had a direct impact on us. As we finalise this annual report, Belgium is suffering the repercussions of the bomb attacks at Zaventem airport and Maelbeek metro station in Brussels.